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Laser beam focusing

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5.6W Endurance Makeblock engraving and cutting machine

8W Endurance DIY engraving and cutting machine

Endurance Makeblock engraving machine is a necessary solution for those who need a big coordinate table 31x39 cm (12x16'') with the functions of a plotter and laser cutter/engraver.

  • An excellent solution for home and office.
  • It has a big work area 31x39 cm (12x16'').
  • A practical software – Benbox.
  • An excellent solution for marking and making souvenirs.
  • It works with vector and raster images and G-code.
  • Endurance DIY is a universal solution both for home and small enterprises usage, such as souvenirs engraving and stamps making.

  • An expensive and practical solution for home, office and small workshop.
  • It is a compact table laser engraver with the work area of 20x20 cm (8x8'').
  • It has a great set of software: GRBL, CNCC LaseAxe, Benbox, mDraw.
  • It is easy to operate and doesn’t require any special knowledge or skills.
  • It cuts and engraves practically any materials.
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    Laser focusing. Full guidance.

    L-Cheapo laser, like any other diode laser from AliExpress, has a good quality focusing lens.

    This lens makes it possible to focus a laser beam right down to 1 cm. Below, we describe how to focus the laser beam in the inner coordinates of a 3D printer to a precision of a few mm. In addition to a computer, 3D printer and L-Cheapo laser, you will need a piece of plywood fitting the size of the printer table, clips to fix the plywood to the printer table, and a ruler.

     

    We need to burn a straight line on a flat working surface evenly changing the height of the laser head above the surface along z axis. For a working surface we use a piece of plywood 200х200 mm (8×8») in size and 4 mm thick (1/6»). At the end of the burn process we take measures with a ruler.

     

    How to find a focus of a diode (solid-state laser) installed on a 3D printer or CNC machine

    1. For the burn program we define the range of the head movements along the axes. The range should not exceed the size of the plywood piece. For our 3D printer with an L-Cheapo laser Xmin= 0; Xmax= 200; Ymin = 77; Ymax= 200; Zmin= 0; Zmax= 140. In G Code these parameters are as follows: «…G1 X0 Y77 Z0….G1 X170 Y200 Z140…».
    2. Observing the safety procedures, we start the burn program. Here are our codes: G28 G90 M107 ; Turn off fan G1 X0 Y77 Z0 G4 P1 M106 ;TurnONfan (our laser is installed in place of the extruder ventilator) G1 F1000 G1 X170 Y200 Z140; G4 P1 M107 ; Turn off fan G28
    3. Then we take two measurements:
      • the length of the burn line L0;
      • the length between the beginning of the burn line and the point of the min. thickness of the burn line L1, estimated by eye to an approximation of 1-2 mm. The burn line looks exactly like the in-line profile of the laser beam: in the middle (focus center) the beam is thin and getting wider at the ends. This effect results from changing of the laser head lift (from Zmin to Zmax ) during the burn process, while the working surface remains at the same level.
      • To determine ZF coordinate of the laser focus we make a ratio:
    4. And find the sought-for laser beam focus ZF=89/203*140=61 mm.